Mood Disorders A disturbance of mood Depression
Bi-polar disorder
Anxiety Disorders Characterized by apprehension usually accompanied by palpitations, and shortness of breath. Obsessive compulsive disorder
Panic attack
Post traumatic stress disorder
Psychotic Disorders Characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective disorder, Delusional disorder
Substance-Related Disorders These disorders result from taking a substance: i.e. a drug of abuse, the side effects of a medication, and toxin exposure. Substance Dependence
Substance Abuse
Disorders usually first seen in infancy, childhood, or adolescence Some people with these disorders are not diagnosed until adulthood. Retardation
Learning Attention deficit
Disruptive behavior
Cognitive Disorders Dysfunctions of the brain caused by neurological problem and/or drug abuse. Delirium, Dementia, Memory disorders
Eating Disorders Severe disturbances in eating behavior. Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
Personality Disorders An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that is pervasive since adolescence is inflexible and leads to distress or impairment. Paranoid, Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic, Schizotypal, Dependent personality disorders


  • Diagnosis of more than one mental disorder is possible.
  • In general, a general medical condition is ruled out before making a diagnosis of a mental disorder
  • Categories of DSM mental disorders not included in this chart: Sleep, Sexual and Gender Identity, Impulse Control, Factitious (intentionally produced), Dissociative (consciousness, identity, perception), and Somatoform (unexplained physical symptoms)

Source: American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition