The Recovery Model
Recently embraced by consumers, families, providers, and the President’s New Freedom Commission for Mental Health, 2003.
Recovery can be defined as:
- Regaining meaningful social roles in society as one grows beyond the catastrophic effects of mental illness.
- A deeply personal, unique process of changing one’s attitudes, values, feelings, goals, skills and/or roles.
- Maintaining as much freedom, independence and autonomy as possible, making as many decisions as possible for oneself
Recovery does not necessarily mean:
- The absence of symptoms
- The absence of need for medication or other therapies
Underlying assumptions of the Recovery Model:
- Recovery from severe psychiatric disabilities is achievable
- Recovery is not a function of one’s theory about the causes of mental illness
- Recovery requires a well-organized support system
- A holistic view of mental illness that focuses on the person, not just the symptoms